Different.iseases can cause retinopathy. This condition is the leading cause of blindness in people between the ages of 20 and 60. If you have diabetes, see your ophthalmologist annually and maintain good control of your blood sugar. In the United States, new cases of blindness are most often caused by diabetic retinopathy . Abnormalities in these vessels are a major cause of retinopathy. With cataracts, the eye's clear lens clouds, blocking light. It is usually possible to know within months whether there is any significant long-term damage to vision. Retinopathy of prematurity — In most affected babies, this condition gets better on its own. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the level of sugar glucose in the blood. Smoking and diabetes increase the risk of developing hypertensive retinopathy.
The damaged blood vessels are also not as effective at carrying oxygen to the retina, which can also cause damage. A surgical procedure called a vitrectomy can be used to remove the blood that has leaked into this part of the eye. The better you control blood sugar levels, the lower your risk. In other cases, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina. During the procedure, the areas of the retina away from the macula are treated with scattered laser burns.